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Relationships

Mother 母親hahaoya Father 父親chichioya Son 息子musuko Daughter 娘musume Younger daughter 下の娘shitano musume Younger son 下の息子shitano musuko Eldest daughter 長女chōjo Eldest son 長男chōnan Brother 兄、弟、兄弟ani, otōto, kyoōdai Elder brother 兄ani Younger brother 弟otōto Sister 姉、妹、姉妹ane, imōto, shimai Elder sister 姉ane Younger sister 妹imōto Cousin (masc.) 従兄弟itoko Cousin (fem.) 従姉妹itoko Mom お母さんokāsan Dad, daddy お父さんotōsan Parents 親oya Child 子供kodomo Children 子供kodomo Grandmother 祖母sobo Grandfather 祖父sofu Grandson 孫息子mago musuko Granddaughter 孫娘mago musume Grandchildren 孫mago Uncle 伯父oji Aunt 伯母oba Nephew 甥oi Nephew 甥oi Niece 姪mei Mother-in-law (wife's Mother)妻の母親tsuma no hahaoya Father-in-law(husband's father)義父gifu Son-in-law (daughter'shusband)娘の夫musume no otto Stepmother 継母keibo Stepfather 継父keifu Infant 乳児nyūji Baby (infant) 赤ん坊akanbō Little boy, kid 子供kodomo Wife 妻tsuma Husband 夫otto Spouse (husband) 配偶者haigū sha Spouse (wife) 配偶者haigū sha Married (masc.) 既婚のkikon no Married (fem.) 既婚のk
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Body

Head 頭atama Face 顔kao Nose 鼻hana Mouth 口kuchi Eye 眼me Eyes 両眼ryōgan Pupil 瞳hitomi Eyebrow 眉mayu Eyelash まつげmatsuge Eyelid まぶたmabuta Tongue 舌shita Tooth 歯ha Lips 唇kuchibiru Cheekbones 頬骨hōbone Gum 歯茎haguki Palate 口蓋kōgai Nostrils 鼻孔bikō Chin あご(頤)ago Jaw 顎ago Cheek 頬hō Forehead 額hitai Temple こめかみkomekami Ear 耳mimi Back of the head 後頭部kōtōbu Neck 首kubi Throat 喉nodo Hair 髪の毛kaminoke Hairstyle 髪形kamigata Haircut 髪型kamigata Wig かつらkatsura Mustache 口ひげkuchihige Beard あごひげagohige To have (a beard, etc.)生やしているhayashi te iru Braid 三つ編みmitsu ami Sideburns もみあげmomiage Red-haired (adj) 赤毛のakage no Gray (hair) 白髪のhakuhatsu no Bald (adj) はげ頭のhageatama no Bald patch はげた部分hage ta bubun Ponytail ポニーテールponītēru Bangs 前髪maegami Hand 手te Arm 腕ude Finger 指yubi Toe つま先tsumasaki Thumb 親指oyayubi Little finger 小指koyubi Nail 爪tsume Fist 拳kobushi Palm 手のひらtenohira Wrist 手首tekubi Forearm 前腕zen wan Elbow 肘hiji Shoulder 肩kata Leg 足(脚)ashi Foot 足ashi Knee 膝hiza Calf (part of leg) ふくらはぎfuku ra hagi Hip 腰koshi Heel かか

Daily Use Containers

Jar (glass) ジャー、瓶jā, bin Can 缶kan Bucket バケツbaketsu Barrel 樽taru Basin (for washing) たらい[盥] tarai Tank (for liquid, gas) タンクtanku Hip flask スキットルsukittoru Jerrycan ジェリカンjerikan Cistern (tank) 積荷タンクtsumini tanku Mug マグカップmagukappu Cup (of coffee, etc.) カップkappu Saucer ソーサーsōsā Glass (tumbler) ガラスのコップgarasu no koppu Wineglass ワイングラスwain gurasu Saucepan 両手鍋ryō tenabe Bottle (~ of wine) ボトルbotoru Neck (of the bottle) ネックnekku Carafe デキャンターdekyanta Pitcher (earthenware) 水差しmizusashi Vessel (container) 器utsuwa Pot (crock) 鉢hachi Vase 花瓶kabin Bottle (~ of perfume) 瓶bin Vial, small bottle バイアルbai aru Tube (of toothpaste) チューブchūbu Sack (bag) 南京袋nankinbukuro Bag (paper , plastic ) 袋fukuro Pack (of cigarettes, etc.)箱hako Box (e.g., shoebox) 箱hako Crate 木箱ki bako Basket かご[籠] kago

Units of Measurement

Gram グラムguramu Milligram ミリグラムmiriguramu Kilogram キログラムkiroguramu Ton トンton Pound ポンドpondo Ounce オンスonsu Meter メートルmētoru Millimeter ミリメートルmirimētoru Centimeter センチメートルsenchimētoru Kilometer キロメートルkiromētoru Mile マイルmairu Inch インチinchi Foot フィートfīto Yard ヤードyādo Square meter 平方メートルheihō mētoru Hectare ヘクタールhekutāru Liter リットルrittoru Degree 度do Volt ボルトboruto Ampere アンペアanpea Horsepower 馬力bariki Quantity 数量sūryō A little bit of … 少しsukoshi Half 半分hanbun Dozen ダースdāsu Piece (item) 一個ikko Piece (item) 一個ikko Size 大きさōki sa Scale (map ~) 縮尺shukushaku Minimal (adj) 極小のkyokushō no The smallest (adj) 最小のsaishō no Medium (adj) 中位のchūi no Maximal (adj) 極大のkyokudai no The largest (adj) 最大のsaidai no

Time

Morning 朝asa In the morning 朝にasa ni Noon, midday 正午shōgo In the afternoon 午後にgogo ni Evening 夕方yūgata In the evening 夕方にyūgata ni Night 夜yoru At night 夜にyoru ni Midnight 真夜中mayonaka Second 秒byō Minute 分fun, pun Hour 時間jikan Half an hour 30分san jū fun Guarter of an hour 15分jū go fun Fifteen minutes 15分jū go fun 24 hours 一昼夜icchūya Sunrise 日の出hinode Dawn 夜明けyoake Early morning 早朝sōchō Sunset 夕日yūhi Early in the morning 早朝にsōchō ni This morning 今朝kesa Tomorrow morning 明日の朝ashita no asa This afternoon 今日の午後kyō no gogo In the afternoon 午後gogo Tomorrow afternoon 明日の午後ashita no gogo Tonight (this evening) 今夜konya Tomorrow night 明日の夜ashita no yoru At 3 o'clock sharp 3時ちょうどにsanji chōdo ni About 4 o'clock 4時頃yoji goro By 12 o'clock 12時までにjūniji made ni In 20 minutes 20分後nijuppungo In an hour 一時間後ichi jikan go On time (adv) 予定通りにyotei dōri ni A quarter of … …時15分… ji jyūgo fun Within an hour 1時間でichi jikan de Every 15 minutes 15分ごとにjyūgo fun goto ni Round the clock 昼も夜もhiru mo yoru m

Days & Dates

Monday 月曜日getsuyōbi Tuesday 火曜日kayōbi Wednesday 水曜日suiyōbi Thursday 木曜日mokuyōbi Friday 金曜日kinyōbi Saturday 土曜日doyōbi Sunday 日曜日nichiyōbi Today (adv) 今日kyō Tomorrow (adv) 明日ashita The day after tomorrow 明後日[あさって] asatte Yesterday (adv) 昨日kinō The day beforeyesterday一昨日[おととい] ototoi Day 日nichi Working day 営業日eigyōbi Public holiday 公休kōkyū Day off 休みyasumi Weekend 週末shūmatsu All day long 一日中ichi nichi chū Next day (adv) 翌日yokujitsu Two days ago 2日前にfutsu ka mae ni The day before その前日にsono zenjitsu ni Daily (adj) 毎日のmainichi no Every day (adv) 毎日mainichi Week 週shū Last week (adv) 先週senshū Next week (adv) 来週raishū Weekly (adj) 毎週のmaishū no Every week (adv) 毎週maishū Twice a week 週に2回shūni nikai Every Tuesday 毎週火曜日maishū kayōbi January 一月ichigatsu February 二月nigatsu March 三月sangatsu April 四月shigatsu May 五月gogatsu June 六月rokugatsu July 七月shichigatsu August 八月hachigatsu September 九月kugatsu October 十月jūgatsu November 十一月jūichigatsu December 十二月jūnigatsu Spring 春haru In spring 春にharu ni Spring (a

Prepositions

With (accompanied by) …と、…と共に… to, totomoni Without …なしで… nashi de To (indicating direction) …へ… he About (talking ~ ...) …について… ni tsuite Before (in time) …の前に… no mae ni In front of … …の正面に… no shōmen ni Under (beneath,below)下にshita ni Above (over) 上側にuwagawa ni On (atop) 上にue ni From (off, out of) …から… kara Of (made from) …製の… sei no In (e.g., ~ ten minutes) …で… de Over (across the top of)…を越えて… wo koe te